Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Marriage and Family Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Marriage and Family - Essay Example The exposition Marriage and Family talks about the genuine family idea, a family unit framework where relatives are hereditarily identified with each other. Numerous religions characterize the duties in a setting of this framework, wherein the mother is a female, the dad is a male and youngsters are their natural kids. The changing idea of the American family is extremely unfavorable for the kids. Youngsters experiencing childhood in gay families create mental issues as for sexuality. Others that experience childhood in mixed family frameworks are presented to the danger of physical maltreatment by the non-organic parent. The adjustment in the American family framework unquestionably shows that the family is floating separated. Truth be told, a significant extent of the crooks has a place with such family frameworks where they have encountered sexual maltreatment. Such encounters fill in as disincentives for youthful Americans who will in general wed. Individuals I consider my family is naturally and hereditarily identified with me. I didn't need to reject any legitimate relatives since I don’t have any. There has been a change just as a decrease in the American family framework since the later 50% of the twentieth century. An ever increasing number of Americans of all races by and large and the African Americans have not been hitched for a solitary time in their life. The conventional family unit framework has been supplanted with single-parent family, mixed family, and gay family. The family is more floating separated than changing, with an ever increasing number of Americans of any age staying single.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

First assist surgical study Case Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

First help careful - Case Study Example It includes cutting the connecting parts and afterward directing a standard vaginal medical procedure to remove example from the body. 1. Organ Structure work: The ovaries are two organs that are a constituent of the female regenerative framework and are liable for creation of ova. Every one of them is oval fit as a fiddle and practically equivalent to the almond in size. They are found close the fallopian tubes in the unrelated mass of the pelvis in a walled in area alluded to as ovarian fossa. Every one of the ovaries is associated with the fimbria of the fallopian tube. Three entry points will be made. These can be seen by the patient. The first is to oblige the telescope and is inside or near the navel. Different cuts are done in the lower some portion of the midsection. These are 5mm extended period of time the first is 1 cm long (Petri et al. 170). Another cut is done at the highest point of the vagina to expel the required material for examination. The patient will wake up in the recuperation room after the strategy and after the impacts of the sedative reduce. A few patients may require a breathing apparatus to aid the inward breath of oxygen ((Querleu, Leblanc and Castelain 580). Lukanovic, A; Drazic, K (2010). Hazard factors for vaginal prolapse after hysterectomy. Global diary of gynecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics 110 (1): 27â€30. Petri Nahã ¡s, E.; Pontes, A.; Nahas-Neto, J.; Borges, V.; Dias, R.; Traiman, P. (2005). Impact of total stomach hysterectomy on ovarian blood flexibly in ladies of conceptive age. Diary of ultrasound in medicineâ : official diary of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 24 (2):

Wednesday, August 12, 2020

College Fair Season

College Fair Season They say, You snooze, you lose Kevin and Daniel beat me to two blog topics today. Kevin posted the New York Times article on MIT President Susan Hockfield, and Daniel posted the National Public Radio piece on the Time Traveler Convention. Anyway, check both of those out. Last night, I took a Zipcar up to a college fair in New Hampshire. Id say the fair was pretty successful, on the whole. I met some pretty cool students, and I didnt lose my voice =) The most popular question of the night was, Tell me about your architecture program. The answer: MITs Department of Architecture is the oldest school of architecture is the United States, and is considered among the best. The undergraduate program is a 4 year program resulting in a Bachelor of Science (BS) or a Bachelor of Science in Art Design (BSAD). Approximately 85% of MIT architecture undergraduates go on to grauate school to earn a Master of Architecture (MArch) degree, including some who enter a 6 year accelerated combined BSAD/MArch program, which student can apply to in their junior year. In the junior year, students may apply to do a study abroad exchange with the Delft University of Technology (TU Delft) in the Netherlands. Theres also an MIT chapter of AIAS to support students. I considered majoring in Architecture when I was a freshman. I was inspired by Professor Bill Hubbard, who teaches one of my favorite classes at MIT, 4.101 Experiencing Architecture Studio. Also, Professor John Hernandez served on the Admissions Committee this year he may have admitted you! I had a few tough follow-up questions to the popular architecture question, which I fumbled at the time but now thanks to the power of the Internet! I can answer. Do you have any faculty working on green buildings? and Do you have any faculty who focus on landscape architecture? The answers are yes and yes. I promised a student interested in dance that Id post some links here to Professor Tommy DeFrantz and the student group Kinaesthetics Lab. For good measure, Ill throw in links to the [emailprotected] Dance site as well as MIT DanceTroupe. Tomorrow, I head to New York City for three college fairs (one each day through Friday), spend Mothers Day with my parents, then briefly back to the office on Monday. Many exciting times ahead. Today, I leave you with some pictures of the aforementioned Dance Troupe, by Wan Yusof Wan Morshidi of The Tech. These are from last springs sold out concert series; this springs concert series runs Thursday-Sunday (better get your tickets now!). More photos are available from the DanceTroupe photo gallery.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Self Improvement Is Achieved Through Cosmetic Surgery

Be the best you can be. Today, media has led many women in America to believe self-improvement is achieved through cosmetic surgery. Every year thousands of women go under the knife to make themselves the picture perfect American. As years go by, the amount of people getting plastic is steadily increasing. In the year 2007 there were approximately 12 million cosmetic surgeries performed in the United States alone. The number of people receiving surgery increased 59% since 2000 (Markey, Charolette, and Patrick Markey, 5). Media influences our societal values, has led to women developing negative views of their body image and swayed them to go extreme measures to transform their bodies to what they see in the media. We all have a hard time managing that we are in a body and we are subject of other people’s gaze. It is human nature to make judgments based on appearance. What we look like should not influence who we really are. â€Å"A 2 year old who, when asked whether she wante d her hair like her mother when she grew up, replied, â€Å"want hair like Barbie.† We are all reminded that no one is immune from the relentless impact of the ready-made image of so-called beauty to which we appear to become enslaved at even younger ages† (Lemma, Alessandra, 6). Media and images have a huge impact on not only grown women but also young children. Unrealistic images put pressure on women. Cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more popular in today’s society. Cosmetic surgery includes everythingShow MoreRelatedCosmetic Surgery and the Mask of Aging in Western Societies Essay705 Words   |  3 PagesCosmetic Surgery and the Mask of Aging in Western Societies Nature isnt always the best. I have the money to improve on nature and I dont see why I shouldnt (Cher, as cited in Glasgow Evening Times: 24 April 1992) We hadnt seen or heard from each other for 28 yearsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦Then he suggested it would be nice if we could meet. I was very nervous about it. How much had I changed? I wanted a facelift, tummy tuck and liposuction, all in one week. (A woman, ageRead MoreEffects Of Plastic Surgery On Today Society1483 Words   |  6 PagesPlastic surgery has been around for decade, but now it making a real impact on today society. Many experts believe that it’s the influence of the media or the influence of people around us, which portrays the idea of self-image. There are many views of where plastic surgery makes a big impact like adolescent to middle age years and the media. Self-esteem is major factor of why many women and men receive surgery, however some experts say that this procedure doesn’t boosts confidence, while othersRead MoreWhy Plastic Surgery Has Many Different Views On The Influences Of An Individual1537 Words   |  7 PagesPlastic surgery has many different views on the influences of an individual. The first view is the factors of how many individuals decided on having plastic surgery because the influences of the media or opinions of other people, which portrays the idea of self-image. But researchers believe that surgery doesn’t help to achieve this goal. Self-esteem is a major factor of why many women and men receive surgery. However the second view favors that before a person makes the major decides of havingRead MoreCosmetic Surgery : Medical Medicine1236 Words   |  5 Pages Cosmetic Surgery Alexis Thomas AHS 128 – Health Sciences Intro Professor Sloan Midlands Technical College - Airport COSMETIC SURGERY 2 Abstract Over recent years, there has been a rising trend in the demand for cosmetic surgeries. These procedures are typically carried out to change, improve, or enhance ones appearance. Cosmetic surgery, also called plastic surgery dates backRead MoreWeight Loss Essay1206 Words   |  5 PagesWe live in a consumer culture where products and services such as diet pills, slimming creams, weight loss products that tone fat without exercise, liposuction and cosmetic surgery, are just a few of the popular methods that are promoted by advertisers to help people in achieving their ideal body image. Advertisements draw attention to a host of ideologies, by offering products and services that attract consumers who oblige their bodies, minds and souls to achieving the ideal appearance of beautyRead MoreWhat Makes An Effective Social Theory? Essay1465 Words   |  6 Pagessuggests that what makes an effective social theory, including feminist theory is it understands the social and political arrange ments of the people situated in the argument. So that understanding then helps shape the processes the theory must then go through (Baum 1087), because feminism is fighting for something so big, gender equality, it affects at least half of the population, and not one person s situation will be completely the same. For feminism because there is such a large base of people, itRead MoreNHS Core Values1491 Words   |  6 Pageskindness. Ensuring everyone feels valued and that their concerns are important and responded to as necessary. NHS values aim to improve lives by paying attention to the wellbeing of the patients, its staff and the community at large. This can be achieved through staff training, professionalism and health promotion to make sure communities take responsibility for their physical, emotional, and mental wellbeing. The NHS aspires to the highest standards of excellence and professionalism in the provisionRead MoreMy Doctor Dental Clinic Is The Dentistry Practice Of Mansi Sarwal Essay3427 Words   |  14 PagesProfit and Loss 17 7.2 Projected Cash Flow 18 8.0 References 19 1.0 Executive Summary My Doctor Dental Clinic is the dentistry practice of Mansi Sarwal. My Doctor Dental clinic will provide all forms of dental treatment including cosmetic, general and dental surgeries for people living in Auckland, New Zealand. By using both flexibility and industry benchmark customer services, My Doctor Dental clinic will achieve market share quickly. The founders of My Doctor Dental Clinic are Anurag Sarwal (MBA)Read MoreThe Australian Health Care System Essay1657 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"The Australian health care system is a highly functioning and accessible system based on universal principles of access and equity†. This essay discusses the history and inception of the Australian Healthcare system, how it is funded through the Government and the public income. How and where healthcare is delivered and its effectiveness, including issues and priorities according to current healthcare policies and national standards. The Indigenous Australian people have practiced traditional â€Å"healthcare†Read MoreThe Problem Of Plastic Surgery3254 Words   |  14 Pagesyoung woman had more than a hundred surgeries in order to look like Barbie. She decided to have a huge number of plastic surgeries, regardless of the price, just to reach her ideal physical appearance. As shocking as it can be, these examples make people realize that looks are very important in our society and that plastic surgery is therefore becoming a little too common. Today a real addiction to plastic surgery might be threatening our world. Plastic surgery is spreading more and more nowadays

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Rise Of Digital Technology - 1635 Words

In a new era where digital technology is popularized by the new generation, education model is also affected by technology. Today’s educational model is composed by diversity, that is, â€Å"one-size-fits-in model† is not suitable for all students. More and more people begin to focus on how to improve the old, standardized education since it becomes clear that students’ interests are limited by the â€Å"assembly-line model†. Cathy Davidson in â€Å"Project Classroom Makeover† discusses that our education is remained unchanged for a long time while the development of technology goes fast. The mismatch of these two creates gaps between students and teachers. Students find themselves limited by the education because any possible talents may be expunged while only common characters kept after they graduate from schools. Under such condition, students will lose their individualities and fail in exploring this new digital world. The rise of digital techn ology helps us to re-think what we really want to get from higher education. Therefore, with the rise of technology, people are motivated to think the weakness of both traditional and new education. The rise of technology helps people to re-think what they want to get from education because more and more people found what they learnt in the school cannot catch up with the rapid development of society. In fact, the ultimate objective of education is to keep different individualities and help every individual to be unique. We may find the purposeShow MoreRelatedThe, Made By Robots : Challenging Architecture At A Larger Scale Essay1676 Words   |  7 PagesAlexandra Morales ARC 5205 Advanced Theory Professor Neil Leach Pages: 16-45 Gramazio + Kohler, Made by Robots: Challenging Architecture at a Larger Scale The book questions whether the new digital technologies can impact and change the architectural and material practice of today, Gramazio Kohler explored the potentials of robot- induced design and how robots can help enrich the physical nature of architecture, to inform the material processes and to merge the computational design with the constructionRead MoreGlobalization in the Music industry1293 Words   |  6 PagesMusic Industry Jonathan Ben Ami ACOM 388 The music industry has been around for over two centuries (PBS). Its volatility can be measured by its ability to shift and change according to its time period, the technologies that arise through the ages and the public’s shift in musical taste. The music industry is comprised of many different components, organizations and individuals that operate within it. Some of these components include the artists who compose theRead MoreInformation Literacy And Digital Literacy1473 Words   |  6 PagesInformation and digital literacy play vital roles in our society and are necessary tools for citizens to have in this growing information age. Information literacy is â€Å"the ability to recognize the extent and nature of an information need, then to locate, evaluate, and effectively use the needed information.† (â€Å"Information Literacy Definition†, n.d.) Digital literacy is â€Å"the ability to find, evaluate, utilize, share, and create content using information tech nologies and the Internet.† (â€Å"What is Digital LiteracyRead MoreTechnology Is Destroying The Music Industry1608 Words   |  7 PagesEvery adult, over the age of 18, has seen the changes the music industry has gone through since the introduction of the internet, digital downloading, and online streaming. We have heard that Tapes, CDs, MP3s, and the internet were going to destroy the industry. Have they destroyed it yet? According to Ian Morris, Author of the article, Technology is Destroying the Music Industry, Which is Great for the Next Taylor Swift, music is changing but the only thing the internet is destroying are the recordRead MoreThe Effects Of Digital Media On Society s Media1714 Words   |  7 Pagesenhanced when digital media, particularly the Internet, enters the competition for the limited supply of audience attention. 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The first recorded instance of a photographic image was foundRead MoreChallenges And Opportunities For The Government Digital Service1340 Words   |  6 Pagesdeliver an outline on the challenges and opportunities for the government digital service, in order to give a more reflective view, the essay will be fragmented into smaller segments, considering these questions in the case study that has been presented which can provide an easier way of understanding what opportunities and challenges exist for the government digital service. The essay assesses the viability of the government digital services and whether it is a success or a failure, this is important

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Are the Strengths and Challenges of Teams at Work Free Essays

What are the strengths and challenges of teams at work? Team work has been the biggest development In management of human resources for organizations In the past few decades (Norman, Cohen and Norman, 1995). It has been implemented in a wide variety of spheres and the growth of the popularity is still ongoing. It is obvious that these changes have not happened without a reason, there is something to team work that is attracting every manager like kids to an ice- cream car. We will write a custom essay sample on What Are the Strengths and Challenges of Teams at Work or any similar topic only for you Order Now Before I continue, I want to state some things so there would not be any misunderstanding further on the essay. First, I do not want any confusion when it comes to defining a team and a group, because I understand that there is not much of a difference (Ouzo, 1996) between these terms. The only thing that I want to state is that team always has an interdependent nature; they perceive themselves as a whole unit. Second, as the topic is about teams In general, the evaluation Is quite superficial and It will not be valid for every team. The way team performs depends on the size of the team, the management of It and of course the working environment It Is In. So every team has to be evaluated Independently to give an objective report. I will describe aspects that stand out amongst the others and are present for most of the teams. My goal in this essay is to evaluate teams at work environment drawing on theory and research. I am going to point out the strengths of a team-based work from member’s point of view and challenges that team members have to face. Eventually, what I am trying to state is that people (managers, leaders etc. Who are leaning towards team work as the best way of getting things done have made this assumption based on feelings they have towards team-work rather than researching hurry and experiments made on the approach to get the bagger picture of what team-work consists from and what are the actual drawbacks. I am basing my work on the paper about ‘romance of teams’ (Allen and Yecch, AAA) taking some Ideas from the paper, but putting them Into my own perspective. I am going to start with the most ob vious strengths that teams has, because those are the ones that people are most aware of. Followed by additional strengths, that according to researches lies in our sub consciousness. After that I will describe the biggest challenges teams have to face. Strengths A team consists of several people and each one of them has their own skills, characteristics, gender, age and perception of things in general (Britton et al. , 2010). There are several definitions of a team, but this one serves the best for my purposes – ‘A group of people with a full set of complementary skills required to complete a task, Job, or project’ (Chicken, 2009). Indeed each one of us Is unique and by coming together and supplementing each other we form a living organism called ‘team’. Knowledge, opinion, experience and personal views can be shared in this living mind’, in this way implying additional strengths. Maybe these are not the strengths that people will mention the most when speaking about pros of teams, but they exist and they do form our feelings towards teams. I would like to continue by focusing on strengths of teams that people are unaware of or they are aware of them subconsciously. Every team is a social formation; accordingly it includes interaction with others, whether it is Just a chat that started with â€Å"how are you doing? † or a discussion about the subjective they are trying to achieve or a social evening to bring he team closer together, it does not matter. The thing that matters is that team gives you a wide range of opportunities to satisfy your social needs; it gives you a feeling of belonging (Godard, 2001 a). Alongside, comes the feeling that overtakes you, that gives you the idea that you want to be a part of a team, which is natural, because people are creatures that has been living in groups since the beginning of time and social desires has developed naturally and is a part of our lives. The thing is that, not everyone is aware of this phenomenon, so this is where unconscious strengths appear. To continue, I would like to introduce a research made by Diddle and Strobe, 1991. This research states that individuals perceive working in group activities to be more fun and enjoyable than working alone and that time is perceived as passing more quickly when working in a group (Allen and Yecch, Bibb). Moreover, some researches shows that working in a team can increase your mental well-being and state of mind in general (Carter, 2000). Teams provide a benefit like reduction of stress (Godard, 2001 b) which mostly comes from the fact that teams reduces uncertainty about particular situations and verifies member’s beliefs and ideas (Hog and Mulling, 1999). As all the facts that are mentioned before comes together, it is only obvious that teams do paint a really nice picture about themselves in our minds. Additionally, the way how people actually perceive themselves in a group is different from the way they do outside of one. Researches have shown that people tend to take less responsibility for failures of the team and in the same time more responsibility for success of the team (Schlesinger, 1975), which is kind of illogical, but in the nature f any human being. It is much easier to assign blame to others in that way preserving your own feeling of competence, rather than admitting that you are the one to blame, and when being in a team you have the opportunity to do that, because who will possibly forbid you, except yourself. The perception of team as a unit working together plays a big role here, because in your mind you do understand that you are not the only one who is in the team, so if the team fails or succeeds then the whole team does that. To add to this idea, people tend to evaluate their own reference higher when working in a team rather than working alone, both, their actual expectations and conclusions, of their performance in the team has been recorded to be of a higher value (Phallus et al. , 1993). This all can be very misleading, but as long as we – human beings – will not change our nature and start seeing things as they actually are, these will be some of the most mind impacting benefits towards teamwork. Challenges The point about the diversity of a team and different people coming together that When people with different ideas and different views on life come together and has o work as one and unbreakable unit, arguments between them are inevitable. That is why certain roles have to be assigned and a specific structure formed, so the team would manage to work productively. Size and composition of a team has an influence on individual behavior, on decision making (Kooks-De Bode et al. 2008), if these aspects are not sorted out in a timely manner then one of the biggest strengths of a team can turn into a drawback and then it is Just matter of time when the team will collapse. Another challenge for a team is goal setting, which is a really important aspect when it comes to whether the work is going to be smooth and whether it is going to be without misunderstandings. Goals has to be set at the very beginning and they have to be defined very clearly to everyone in the team, so everyone would really understand what the team is trying to achieve. If this is not done, then there is a possibility that team members start to head in different directions. An equally significant set of challenges comes from too much of dependence on your teams decisions. Researches made by Stanley Amalgam, 1973 shows that when decision has o be made, team members tend to follow the point of view that is presented by others or by most members of the team, that way actually not expressing their own thoughts. Besides that, these researches shows that people tend to follow the leader of a team even if the things that are being done are against their principles and are morally wrong. Justification to these kinds of decisions comes from the fact that any decision made in a group actually is a group decision and therefore made by several people, accordingly the responsibility is being shared amongst all of the group embers. This results in poor decision-making process, which can further result in serious damage made to the work-group itself or to the possibility of achieving the goal that has been set out. Hence, the challenge for a team is to set certain norms. Norms about how the work has to be led, to what extent members should follow their leader and what are the social, moral, ethical and physical norms that should not be crossed. To sum up the challenges, team work has to be well balanced and well organized; it has to be like a machine that does not work if one of the parts is broken. To do that you have to take in consideration a lot of aspects, starting with leaders role and importance, ending with team members moral and physical needs. Everything has to be balanced and managed smartly and efficiently (Allen, 1996). That is the hardest challenge to deal with in team-work and it becomes even harder if the person who is in charge of the team does not know about these elements. Before I draw the conclusion I would like to remind the fact that the Judgments being made in this essay is superficial and regards the general population of people included in teams. Therefore, I am not stating that it is true for every person. To summarize, I have stated the strengths that in my mind form the feeling towards team-work inside a person’s mind. I hope that others reading these points will be able to relate to them as well. How to cite What Are the Strengths and Challenges of Teams at Work, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

The Roles of Work-Life Balance and Flexibility

Question: Discuss the roles of work-life balance and flexibility in arrangements of work to manage dynamic organizations. Answer: Abstract The purpose of the assignment is to discuss the roles of work-life balance and flexibility in arrangements of work to manage dynamic organizations. According to Juliet Bourke, a partner at Aequus Partners, flexibility in the work place is having more output with a few employees instead of the original paradigm and that makes her think about the ill effects for the present strategy of flexibility at the work place. Until and unless there are efficiency in the business models and redesigning of the job roles to follow a program which will stay long in the enterprises, the firms strategy could backfire while seeking to gain more output with less input. Next the various implications occurred due to excessive working hours on employees and managers performance are discussed. According to many researches, workers tend to sleep less, giving less time to the family and other responsibilities related to personal lives. These various aspects have negative effect on the human body like fatigue, harsh behavior, burnout, turbulence and sick which leads to average performance at the work place. The last is the discussion on how the employers could make it easy for the employees to maintain a work-life balance in case of an economic downturn. To make the employees enthusiastic about their work, the management should describe the benefits of the flexibility of the working hours. Due to higher work pressure, grievances and discomfort are bound to occur. So there should be a transparent and effective communication across both the horizontal as well as vertical levels in the organization. Introduction In this essay the main purpose is to have an insight about the principles of human resource management mainly the work-life balance, having flexible timings at the workplace and managing them in a diversified and dynamic environment. Few years ago there was a cut throat competition for talent acquisition. Presently the employers are willing to diminish the old type of talent acquisition in some private sectors. Now there is a shift in the pattern by the employers to manage their employees. Recently more focus have been given to reduce the working hours in a week, part-time jobs and various types of work arrangements to suit the employers as well as the employees with flexible timings at the work place so that there is low attrition rate. Some top management are now reducing the employees inevitably as it helps the firm to plan their roles in a new way and there will be an upgraded version of job design. This helps to have flexible work timings for the employees that they could maintain their professional and personal life (Kossek Thompson, 2016). Discussion Juliet Bourke, who is a partner at Aequus Partners, doesnt agree fully where the new style of flexibility is moving. The flexibility at the work place helps in reducing the overhead costs and improves productivity of the workers but she is deeply concerned that the flexibility in the work place has taken a huge shift but not for the best intentions. According to Juliet, according to the present scenario, flexibility in the work place is having more output with a few employees instead of the original paradigm and that makes her think about the ill effects for the present strategy of flexibility at the work place. The statics were provided to her during a website launch indicates that various firms to bring various flexible ways for the betterment of the workers. The management can also get a glimpse about the crisis in economy by utilizing the flexible work timings in unproductive ways. The employers may reduce the workers office hours when the work load is less but can also put press ure on the employees when the work load is very high where the workers have to work for longer hours to achieve the targets. Here we can see that flexibility in the work place is always not a win-win situation in every case for employees as well as the employers. The only benefit that has received votes from all the sectors both vertically as well as horizontally in the firms is to have a work and life balance is flexible approach. In few enterprises, to accommodate new systems, the firms must have some sustainable solutions for redesigning the job role and the flexible work timings. Some situations may arise where the clients demands are less so employees work hours could be reduced through flexibility approach so that they could balance both the professional as well as personal life (Gangwisch, 2014). There should be some seminars and training programs regarding employee flexibility and assistance for the employees which would help to have a strong diversified, adaptable workforce who can cope with the business trends. Leave as well as flexible work timings could be voluntarily discussed with the employers so that there will be no redundancies and salaries and wages will be paid according to the different work hours (Richmond Rohlfing, 201 3). But in some firms redundancies cant be avoided whether there is existence of work life culture or not. And in some organizations where the management has found the benefits of work life balance the senior management would find alternative working style for cost reduction and minimizing redundancies. The managers have a fair idea that to have a profitable business they need engaged and dedicated workforce. An organizational culture always delivers highest level of engagement among the employees if the firm has a transparent human resource policy for maintaining balance in professional and personal life. Flexibility is the effectiveness and means of efficient style of working for each and every employee whether they are full-time or part-time employees (Holland Martin, 2015). During attrition, redeployment and flexibility most reductions took place whenever there is a situation of downturn and the workers need to relocate in these types of situations. In future perspective, when there is a positive sign in the economy there could be again a demand in talent acquisition. The workers should have a sense of responsibility. This sense is valuable when there is a downturn they have to work for longer hours to meet the targets (Daskin et al 2015). But in some situations it can have a strong impact on employee engagement which is crucial when the employees are taking voluntary leave and working hours which could in turn hamper productivity. If the workers are not happy with the work culture then the outcome will be poor. So even for a short term, the urge to receive more output with few employees is not always a healthy option. As the firms are looking for more profits by increase the sales volume and cutting the cost options there is an expectation from the workers to get the work done and show fruitful results. This happens mainly in large multinational firms having offices in every region. As firms began to harness technology like use of teleconferencing to cut down the travel costs which is vital for the employees. They need to be present at the workplace to receive more calls when they are dealing with clients situated in different countries. Until and unless there are efficiency in the business models and redesigning of t he job roles to follow a program which will stay long in the enterprises, the firms strategy could backfire while seeking to gain more output with less input.It is a proven fact that the high performing employees are the backbone of the organizations and helps the company to scale new heights. However, it should be kept in mind that there is a very thin line between the extended aim and work burnout in case of talented employees. There are advantages as well as disadvantages but with proper leadership it could lead to a robust and productive workforce where there is a sustainable balance in professional and personal lives. There are a various implications of excessive working hours on the performance of the employees and managers. Various workers have to do their jobs in various ways to complete their tasks assigned by the company. Depending on various requirements, working excessively for long hours is divided into different categories like extension of hours every day apart from the normal working hours, working overtime, extension of commute timings and extension or overtime of hours. Frankly speaking, there is no positive impact on the performance of the employees as well as their families, the employer and also the communities (Greenhaus et al., 2012). According to many researches, working for long hours lead to many risk factors which includes job satisfaction, mindset of the employees, performance of the workers, different responsibilities not related to work, fatigue and breaking up of relationships in the social life (Booth, 2015). Workers tend to sleep less and afford less passing time for th eir family and other responsibilities related to personal lives. These various aspects have negative influenced human emotions like harsh behavior, fatigue, burnout, turbulence and sick, which leads to average performance at the work place (Wheatley, 2012). Poor performance affects the employer in a negative way which leads to increase in production cost. The community gets affected from the workers who have a negative mindset through their poor thinking, the people living around him and also the environment gets affected by occurrence of stupid errors unintentionally, vehicle accidents and industrial accidents. Extension of the work hours for those employees who work for continuously bound to be less attentive at times (Fenech, 2014). While sitting at the work place constantly for long hours and high usage of cell phones lead to stress and the nerves of the neck gets stretched. These types of factors lead to downfall of the business and then employees performance gets degraded. Emp loyees can feel de-motivated if they are not provided any extra facilities. So its the duty of the top management to assess the situations and help the employees to have a deeper understanding about their job roles and their importance to the company. The organization must hear the problems and the suggestions provided by the employees where there should be a proper plan for efficient work and maintain an ethical work culture or else the employees may not get motivated to do the work which will hamper their work performance (Kossek et al., 2014). The employees should also understand that in situations like imbalance in the economy and when there is less revenue, production, etc which are bound to happen in certain situations, they need to have a greater sense of responsibility to achieve the mission and make the company successful in terms of higher performance (Blyton, 2014). Now from managers part they also need to take some initiatives to encourage the employees for working long hours. The top management should motivate the workers and lead from the front so that they can able to meet the deadlines and complete the task successfully. Training based on managing time should be imparted to the workers. Prioritize of the important tasks should be done so that the work gets completed in time (Lewis, 2014). Open and effective communication should be encouraged both horizontally as well as vertically in an enterprise. The top management should have a clear and precise vision with achievable objectives that should be aligned with the interest of the employees. The employees should be empowered and needs to be motivated so that they can achieve the goals. In this way, the employees would feel a sense of satisfaction (Demerouti et al., 2014). The managers should not entertain any type of biasness while providing important tasks to their teams otherwise there will be a conflict among the employees. The employees must be rewarded for their performance and the managers should express their satisfaction for their best performers which will motivate the employees to work harder. The workers should be encouraged to take leaves to reduce stress (Jones et al., 2013). There are multiple ways by which employers could facilitate work life balance during the phase of economic depression. In the current scenario, the benefits of work life balance tend to prioritized towards health and wellness centers from the monetary or other facilities provided by employers. After layoffs, managing the remaining number of employees is vital which could be achieved through psychological benefits as well as insurance and retirement plans (Hofacker Konig, 2013).To make the employees enthusiastic about their work, the management should describe the benefits of the flexibility of the working hours. The employees must understand that during economic downturn they need to work harder in an efficient and effective way and when there is balance in the economy they will to work for less number of hours again and will also be provided perks and other benefits they used to get before. This will help the workers to work with a sense of satisfaction in the organization (Gregory et al., 2013). In times of economic crisis, every single resource which includes capital, space, people or time should be allocated and utilized properly. The employees must complete the tasks by meeting the deadlines and by providing a structure for time there will work efficiency by meeting the deadlines. To follow the time structure the employees need to be trained in time management techniques (Booth, 2015).The tasks should be prioritized as which tasks should be completed first and the less important tasks should be completed later. This would help to prioritize significant tasks and more resources will be applied to finish tasks that are to be recognized as a vital one. (Lyonette et al. 2013). Due to higher work pressure, grievances and discomfort are bound to occur. So there should be a transparent and effective communication across both the horizontal as well as vertical levels in the organization. This will help to foster unity among all the employees and there is proper coordination among the team members so that in situations like downturn, optimum output could be achieved and the level of motivation should be infused among all the employees (Schaubroeck et al., 2012). The employers should avoid any form of biasness while assigning the tasks to any teams otherwise there will be a conflict among various teams. Effective decision making is essential for utilizing the various contributions related to work (Mowday et al., 2013). Conclusion The current trend in various firms is the flexibility in the working hours to meet various requirements like expectations of the customers. These are for available of the goods and services in various timings, the demand of the timings by the employees where they could manage home as well as office and client meetings in different times so that the business could run successfully. As a coin has two sides, same is with work flexibility. It has also pros and cons. There should be proper regulation of the hr policies so that there are no negative consequences. The goals of the company should be fulfilled in such a way that every employee can have a smooth work-life balance. If there is a proper work-life balance then it would be considered favorable from the perspective of employee and employers both. Proper utilization and allocation of the resources during economic crisis will help the organizations to achieve their goals. References Blyton, P. (2014). Changes in Working Time (Routledge Revivals): An International Review. Routledge. Booth, S. A. (2015). Crisis management strategy: Competition and change in modern enterprises. Routledge. Daskin, M., Arasli, H., Kasim, A. (2015). The impact of management commitment to service quality, intrinsic motivation and nepotism on front-line employees' affective work outcomes. International Journal of Management Practice, 8(4), 269-295. 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